When a child is in emotional overload, there is no amount of reasoning with him that will help until he has calmed down. During upset, the amygdala has “hijacked” the other parts of the brain. The prefrontal cortex is not available to solve the problem. The hippocampus cannot offer help with memories of what might have helped in the past. The amygdala will stay in charge until the child feels safe, and is comforted.